The bass vocal range is the lowest of the six vocal ranges that can be achieved by a singer. Most bass vocalists maintain a range from the second E below middle C to F sharp. As is the case with other vocal ranges, however, the bass range has a number of variants. The basso profundo, for example, is very low on the scale and often described as having a rich texture, while basso cantante, or singing bass, can be viewed as lighter, more lyrical, and with a more developed upper range by comparison.
Bass vocal ranges may also be described in regard to other registers and keys. The basso cantante, for instance, could be described as a blending of baritone agility with the depth and sonority of the bass range.